One of the most interesting museums we visited in Crimea was a top secret Cold War nuclear submarine underground base located in the Balaklava Bay not far from Sevastopol city.
In the period after the Second World War, the two superpowers — the USSR and the U.S. — stepped up their nuclear arsenal, threatening each other pre-emptive strikes and retaliatory strikes.
On Monday, August 6, 1945, at 8:15 a.m., the nuclear bomb «Little Boy» was dropped on Hiroshima by an American B-29 bomber, directly killing an estimated 80,000 people. On August 9, 1945, Nagasaki was the target of the United States’ second atomic bomb attack at 11:02 a.m., when the north of the city was destroyed in less than a second, and an estimated 40,000 people were killed instantly, tens of thousands died later . It was then that Joseph Stalin gave Lavrentiy Beria (who was responsible at that time «nuclear project»), a secret directive: to find a place where they could base submarines for a retaliatory nuclear strike.
During that period, Balaklava bay was one of the most secret residential areas in the Soviet Union. Almost the entire population of Balaklava town at one time worked at the base; even family members could not visit the town of Balaklava without a good reason and proper identification. The base remained operational after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 until 1993 when the decommissioning process started. This process saw the removal of the warheads and low-yield torpedoes. In 1996, the last Russian submarine left the base. The base has since been opened to the public as the Naval museum complex Balaklava.
The object is the construction of the first category of anti-nuclear protection (protection from a direct hit by a nuclear bomb capacity of 100 kt)
The base was said to be virtually indestructible and designed to survive a direct atomic impact.
Object 825 GTS, for service which was formed 155 Brigade of submarines designed for the repair and maintenance of submarines, 613th and 633rd projects, as well as for the storage of ammunition for these submarines.
In the central tunnel (length 602 metres) the facility could accommodate 7 subs if necessary, and in all the galleries up to 14 submarines of different classes.
It includes a combined underground water channel with a dry dock, repair shops, warehouses for storage of torpedoes and other weapons.
Additionally it could house personnel to protect them from nuclear fallout. Located in the mountain Tavros, on both sides of which there are exits. If necessary, it overrides caisson, which ash air and floated up.
Read what other guest say about their trip to Balaclava using Tripadvisor website.
Alexei liked this little spy submarine.
Sign says: «DO NOT TELL EVERYTHING YOU KNOW, BUT ALWAYS KNOW (be careful) WHAT YOU TELL !»
There is very interesting exposition about dolphins trained for the war. The Soviet Navy operated a research facility to explore military uses of marine mammals near Balaklava. Dolphins were trained to kill by laying underwater mines. Also they were trained to locate enemy combatants, or to seek and destroy submarines using kamikaze methods.
Military dolphins were used also by the U.S. Navy during the First and Second Gulf Wars. About 75 dolphins are in the U. S. program. There has even been speculation about the potential development of sophisticated equipment, such as poison darts, sonar jamming devices, and so on for dolphins, and about combat between cetaceans of both superpowers.
The Russian military closed its marine mammal program in the early 1990s.
Also we saw how a submarine was built inside.
We had plenty of opportunities to take all sorts of pictures
On the exit we found one very old Soviet plane.
When you travel to Crimea this is the one of must-see places!
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